Professor of Psychology Ellen Winner has co-authored a new book that looks at the impact of arts education and its connection to fostering skills for innovation. In Art for Art’s Sake? The Impact of Arts Education, Winner and co-authors Thalia R. Goldstein and Stéphan Vincent-Lancrin look at previous studies and research databases and considered art education that encompasses in school art classes as well as art study undertaken outside the classroom. The book was commissioned by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development. The authors write that the primary justification of arts education is the intrinsic value of the arts, the mastery of craft and technique, and the acquisition of artistic habits of mind, such as close observation, envisioning, exploration, persistence, expression, collaboration, and reflection. Arts education should not be justified in terms of the collateral benefit it may have in other academic subjects.